Sohn, JH (Jeong-Hun)
Junwon Kim, Changmin Park, Taedong Ok, Wonyoung So, Mina Jo, Minjung Seo, Youngmi Kim, Jeong-Hun Sohn, Youngsam Park, Moon Kyeong Ju, Junghwan Kim, Sung-Jun Han, Tae-Hee Kim, Jonathan Cechetto, Jiyoun Nam, Peter Sommer, Zaesung No
Medicinal Chemistry Group, Institut Pasteur Korea (IP-K), Sampyeong-dong 696, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 463-400, Republic of Korea.
3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones (DHPMs) were selected and derivatized through a HIV-1 replication assay based on GFP reporter cells. Compounds 14, 25, 31, and 36 exhibited significant inhibition of HIV-1 replication with a good safety profile. Chiral separation of each enantiomer by fractional crystallization showed that only the S enantiomer retained anti-HIV activity. Compound (S)-40, a novel and potent DHPM analog, could serve as an advanced lead for further development and the determination of the mechanism of action.
Org Lett. 2011 Jul 1;13 (13):3486-9 21650212
Molecular-Level Interface Research Center, Department of Chemistry, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701, Korea.
A novel nonpeptidic reverse-turn scaffold containing urea fragments that are connected by a conformationally constrained D-prolyl-cis-1,2-diaminocyclohexane (D-Pro-DACH) linker is reported. The scaffold adopts a well-defined reverse-turn conformation that is stabilized by dual intramolecular hydrogen bonding in both solution and solid states.
Most cited papers:
Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
This communication describes a concise and efficient total synthesis of mycalamide A by the convergent coupling of pederic acid unit with the mycalamine unit. The left-half,(+)-7-benzoylpederic acid, was synthesized from (2R,3R)-3-methylpent-4-en-2-ol in seven steps and 34.6% overall yield through a route that features a one-step Pd(II)-catalyzed tandem Wacker/Heck cyclization reaction to prepare the tetrahydropyran ring system. The right-half, the mycalamine unit, was synthesized in 21 steps and 10.5% overall yield from diethyl d-tartrate. Effective, stereoselective methods were developed for the assembly of the two parts to yield either mycalamide A or C(10)-epi-mycalamide A.
Jair L Siqueira-Neto, Ok-Ryul Song, Hyunrim Oh, Jeong-Hun Sohn, Gyongseon Yang, Jiyoun Nam, Jiyeon Jang, Jonathan Cechetto, Chang Bok Lee, Seunghyun Moon, Auguste Genovesio, Eric Chatelain, Thierry Christophe, Lucio H Freitas-Junior
Center for Neglected Diseases Drug Discovery (CND3), Institut Pasteur Korea, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea.
Drugs currently available for leishmaniasis treatment often show parasite resistance, highly toxic side effects and prohibitive costs commonly incompatible with patients from the tropical endemic countries. In this sense, there is an urgent need for new drugs as a treatment solution for this neglected disease. Here we show the development and implementation of an automated high-throughput viability screening assay for the discovery of new drugs against Leishmania. Assay validation was done with Leishmania promastigote forms, including the screening of 4,000 compounds with known pharmacological properties. In an attempt to find new compounds with leishmanicidal properties, 26,500 structurally diverse chemical compounds were screened. A cut-off of 70% growth inhibition in the primary screening led to the identification of 567 active compounds. Cellular toxicity and selectivity were responsible for the exclusion of 78% of the pre-selected compounds. The activity of the remaining 124 compounds was confirmed against the intramacrophagic amastigote form of the parasite. In vitro microsomal stability and cytochrome P450 (CYP) inhibition of the two most active compounds from this screening effort were assessed to obtain preliminary information on their metabolism in the host. The HTS approach employed here resulted in the discovery of two new antileishmanial compounds, bringing promising candidates to the leishmaniasis drug discovery pipeline.
Initial catalyst-substrate association step in enyne metathesis catalyzed by grubbs ruthenium complex probed by time-dependent fluorescence quenching.
Institut Pasteur Korea, Seoul, Korea.enter for Time-Resolved Diffraction, Department of Chemistry (BK21), KAIST, Daejeon, Korea. firstname.lastname@example.org
Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.
Described are general protocols for the rapid construction of various C-15-substituted analogues of vindoline using palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions. The required bromo- and iodovindolines were prepared in high yield by the reaction of vindoline with N-bromosuccinimide or N-iodosuccinimide, respectively. The study not only led to the preparation of a number of structurally novel vindoline analogues but also opens the door to new strategies for the synthesis of vinblastine, vincristine, and related anticancer agents. Also described is the conversion of ent-tabersonine to ent-vindoline.