Latest papers on Krukenberg Tumor, surgery
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Sindh.
Krukenberg tumour is a rare clinical entity. We report an unusual case of acute abdomen due to right sided adnexal torsion in a 23 year old nulliparous girl with bilateral Krukenberg tumour and primary gastric carcinoma. Possibility of Krukenberg tumour should always be kept in mind while managing ovarian tumours.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, Republic of Korea.
Rofo. 2009 May ;181 (5):483-5 19241323
[Comparison of clinicopathological features and operative prognosis of gastric carcinoma complicated with Krukenberg tumor and with pelvic peritoneal dissemination].
Division of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.
OBJECTIVE To compare the clinicopathological characters and operative prognosis of gastric cancer complicated with Krukenberg tumor and with pelvic peritoneal dissemination. METHODS Thirty-nine female cases of gastric carcinoma with pelvic metastasis were treated operated on between August 1994 and March 2006. Among them, 18 cases were complicated with Krukenberg tumor and 21 cases with pelvic peritoneal dissemination. The clinicopathological characters in the two groups were recorded and compared and the operative prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS There was no significant difference in age, tumor location and size, hepatic metastasis, organic encroachment, infiltration degree, positive lymph nodes, differentiated degree, tissue typing, Borrmann typing, value of carcinoembryonic antigen between the two groups (P > 0.05). The rate of P3 (peritoneal dissemination) in the cases of Krukenberg tumor (44.4%) was significantly lower than that in pelvic peritoneal dissemination group (85.7%)(P < 0.01), whereas the focal resection rate (77.8%) and multi-organ dissection rate (55.6%) were significantly higher than in pelvic peritoneal dissemination (38.0%, 23.8%)(P < 0.05). The mean survival of all cases was 12.6 months. The mean survival in the patients with Krukenberg tumor and pelvic peritoneal dissemination was 20.5, 15.0 months, respectively (P < 0.05). The mean survival of total focal resection, palliative focal resection, non-focal resection was 19.9, 12.5 and 5.7 months, respectively (P < 0.01). Non-focal resection, pelvic peritoneal dissemination, P3 of peritoneal implantation, hepatic metastasis, organic encroachment, total gastric cancer were unfavorable prognosis factors for all cases. CONCLUSIONS Compared with pelvic peritoneal dissemination, the gastric cancer with Krukenberg tumor is associated with more limited peritoneal dissemination, higher resection rate and better prognosis. Focal resection can improve the prognosis.
Trop Gastroenterol. ;29 (2):112-3 18972776
Department of Radiation Oncology, Maulana Azad Medical College & Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi. firstname.lastname@example.org
Krukenberg tumour (KT) is a metastatic ovarian tumour with primary usually seen in the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report the case of a 50-year old menopausal patient with gastric tumour presenting with solitary metastasis to the ovary within 5 months of primary gastric surgery, for which total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was done. This case stresses the urgent need for early detection and surveillance of treatable tumours metastasising to the ovary.
Ginekol Pol. 2008 Aug ;79 (8):564-6 18819466
Klinika Ginekologii i Ginekologii Onkologicznej Akademii Medycznej w Gdańsku. email@example.com
The aim of the study was to discuss the case of Krukenberg tumor in a patient, eight years after the diagnosis and surgical treatment of gastric carcinoma. We have concluded that there was no safe period after which distant metastases may be excluded. In case of gastric carcinoma diagnosed in women, a regular gynecological examination is necessary due to a high propability of metastases into ovaries, even if the clinical stage of gastric carcinoma is low.
Surgical treatment for patients with different origins of Krukenberg tumors: outcomes and prognostic factors.
Ovarian Cancer Program, Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Fudan University Cancer Hospital, Shanghai, China.
AIMS We sought to investigate survival impacts of metastasectomy in women with Krukenberg tumors of the ovary and survival benefits in different origins (gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, or others). METHODS All patients diagnosed with Krukenberg tumors of the ovary who underwent surgical treatment at a single institution between 1997 and 2003 were retrospectively evaluated. Survival analyses and comparisons were performed using Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. RESULTS A total of 54 patients with Krukenberg tumors of the ovary were identified. The estimated 5-year survival was 12.1%. The median survival in patients with microscopic residual disease after metastasectomy was 29.6 months, compared to 10 months in those with visible residual disease (P<0.01). The median survival among patients with Krukenberg tumors of gastric origin, colon and rectum origin, and other origins were 13 months, 29.6 months, and 48.2 months, respectively (P=0.03). There was a significant difference in survival between patients with metastatic disease confined to the ovaries and those with extensive metastases, with an estimated median survival of 30.7 months and 10 months, respectively (P=0.02). Multivariate analysis suggested that the origin of ovarian metastatic carcinoma (P<0.01), residual disease after metastasectomy (P<0.01), and KPS (Karnofsky performance status)(P=0.03) were independent prognostic factors of survival. CONCLUSIONS Patients with Krukenberg tumors from colorectal cancer experience a better prognosis than those from gastric cancer and benefit more from metastasectomy. And metastasectomy significantly lengthens overall survival in patients with primary colorectal or breast cancer, higher KPS score, and those with optimal metastasectomy.
I N Mateş, Cristina Iosif, G Bănceanu, Mioara Ionescu, Gh Peltecu, Daniela Dinu, A Constantin, P Hoară, C Mitru, S Constantinoiu
Clinica de Chirurgie Generală şi Esofagiană Sfânta Maria, U.M.E Carol Davila, Bucureşti. firstname.lastname@example.org
Krukenberg-type tumors (KT) are rare among ovarian metastases, but responsible for the most frequent diagnostic confusions with ovarian cancer. They are peculiar: uncertain pathogenesis, challenging etiological diagnosis, poorer prognosis for the primary. We studied 9 cases, with a mean age of 52 years, operated since 2001; no case was discovered as a result of prophylactic oophorectomy. Timing of TK diagnosis: 3--metachronous, 4--synchronous, as incidental discovery and 2--retrospective pathological diagnosis. Site of primary: 3--gastric, 5--colonic or appendiceal, 1--breast. Imaging appearance was useful only if interpreted in clinical conditions. Morphology: 7/9 bilateral, solid or mixed gross appearance, oval, mean diameters 9.4/7.8 cm. Microscopy: in 8 KT of digestive origin, 3--signet-ring cell carcinoma, 3--mucinous adenocarcinoma, 2--mixed pattern; 1 KT or breast origin was diagnosed by immunohistochemistry; 6/9 presented microscopic peritoneal despite a lack of strong correlation with the appearance of carcinomatosis or cytology of ascites. Survival: 3--no evidence, 5--disease-free after 4-13 months, 1--survived 2 years after debulking (4 years after colectomy). Clinical, evolutive and prognostic features of KT are determined by the biologically behavior of the primary (rapid lymphatic and hematogenous spread to the ovary), so the benefit of surgery is limited. Bilateral ovarian tumors, particularly in premenopausal women, must raise a high index of suspicion for KT, before or during surgery; diagnosis is a team challenge.
Chirurgia (Bucur). ;102 (4):481-5 17966948
Sectia chirurgie I, Spitalul Judetean Sf. Apostol Andrei, Galati, Romania.
This work presents the case of a 62 year-old woman's Krukenberg tumor caused by an adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder. This was the presumptive diagnosis that was confirmed during the operation. The characteristic feature of this case consists of the rarity of the Krukenberg tumors caused by a cancer of the gallbladder, the paraneoplastic pleurisy and the presence of the cells with "a ring with a seal" in the pleural liquid and in the ascites liquid. The paraclinical investigations (echography, computerised tomography) were not able to specify the diagnosis before the operation. The surgical intervention (cholecystectomy and total hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy) has had favourable consequences. Nevertheless, the woman died 5 months after the operation.
Chirurgia (Bucur). ;102 (4):407-10 17966936
Clinica Chirurgie IV, Spitalul Universitar CF, Universitatea de Medicina şi Farmacie Iuliu Hatieganu, Cluj-Napoca. email@example.com
The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence and origin of Krukenberg tumors in our region to determine their clinical behavior and to compare some anatomo-clinical features of Krukenberg tumors of gastric origin versus those of colorectal origin. This is a retrospective, descriptive and comparative study of Krukenberg tumors diagnosed and treated in the IV-th Surgical Clinic of Cluj-Napoca. The epidemiologic features concerning global incidence, age, and menopausal status overlap the data from literature. Characteristic for our series of cases were the higher incidence of Krukenberg tumor of colorectal origin compared with those of gastric origin , significantly more frequent bilaterality of lesions of gastric origin and the prevalence of the unilateral left ovarian localization for Krukenberg tumors of colorectal origin. The differences in anatomo-clinical behavior between the Krukenberg tumors of gastric and colorectal origin may indicate different pathways of metastasizing and seeding.
Chir Ital. ;59 (4):591-5 17966785
Mauro Amendolara, Calogero Barbarino, Domenico Bucca, Fortunato Guarnieri, Gianbattista Novello, Maria Flora Romano, Ugo Vacca, Riccardo Ranzato
UOC di Chirurgia, ASL 14 Regione Veneto, Chioggia, Venezia.
The authors report on their experience with two cases of Krukenberg's tumour treated at Chioggia Hospital in patients admitted for pelvic tumours. The clinical manifestation of Krukenberg's tumour is mainly related to the presence of the pelvic mass even in advanced forms of gastrointestinal cancers. The authors stress the importance of an adequate follow-up of premenopausal patients with a previous gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma because the incidence of ovarian metastases is quite frequent and influences the prognosis. The Authors do not consider a bilateral preventive ovariectomy associated with gastrectomy as advisable in premenopausal patients, because the studies to date are inadequate for the purposes of drawing conclusions regarding the benefit of these procedures. They consider a more valid policy to be a thorough follow-up in women with a previous gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma because the priority must be accorded to diagnosing secondary lesions so as to be able to perform an ovariectomy which may improve the prognosis. With this in mind it is important to assess Ca 19.9 and perform radiological procedures, such as CT and MRI. The prognosis may be distinctly unfavourable as in one of the cases reported by the Authors involving a very rare form of secondary lesion of the bone marrow and consequent medullary aplasia, with the onset of severe haemorrhages in several areas leading to the patient's death. They consider that surgical treatment should be preceded by a diagnostic laparoscopy. When there are other concomitant negative prognostic factors such as neoplastic ascites and perineal carcinosis, ovariectomy will prove ineffective from the prognostic point of view.
TCSB, Ankara Etlik Maternity and Women's Health Teaching Research Hospital, Etlik, Ankara, Turkey.
BACKGROUND Pregnancy-associated Krukenberg tumor is very rare, and the diagnosis in pregnancy is even more difficult. Usually symptoms are attributed to pregnancy luteomas, which are hormone-active benign neoplasms. CASE A 22-year-old female presented at the 28th week of gestation with rapid onset of hirsutism and acne since the 20th week of gestation. Physical and ultrasonographic examinations revealed bilateral ovarian solid masses which were considered as pregnancy luteomas. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy due to the onset of ascites and elevated tumor markers four months after delivery. Histopathologic examination revealed adenocarcinoma with signet-ring-type cells. CONCLUSION Krukenberg tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pregnancy luteomas. Otherwise, early diagnosis of the tumor can be delayed.
A patient with 43 synchronous early gastric carcinomas with a Krukenberg tumor and pericardial metastasis.
Yoshifumi Baba, Shinji Ishikawa, Kouei Ikeda, Shinobu Honda, Nobutomo Miyanari, Ken-Ichi Iyama, Hideo Baba
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjo, Kumamoto, Japan.
A 53-year-old Japanese woman with bilateral ovarian tumors consulted our department. Gastroendoscopy disclosed 16 superficial depressed gastric lesions, and the histopathological diagnosis of the biopsy specimens was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and signet-ring cell carcinoma. Computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US), and positron emission tomography (PET) examinations revealed no other metastasis except for that observed in the ovaries. We performed a total gastrectomy with radical lymph node dissection and bilateral ovarian resection. A postoperative histological examination revealed 43 isolated gastric lesions which were scattered over the entire resected stomach; they were all confined to the mucosa. Cancer cell invasion in the lymphatics was detected only in the submucosal region beneath the main tumor. Both ovarian tumors were diagnosed as metastasis of signet-ring cell carcinoma (Krukenberg tumor). Adjuvant chemotherapy with irinotecan (CPT-11) and low-dose cisplatin (CDDP) was given on an outpatient basis, but 1 year after the surgery, carcinomatous pericarditis occurred. Administration of mitomycin C (MMC) into the pericardial space was performed twice; however, unfortunately, the patient died 13 months after surgery.
[A case of long-term survival of 3-years 4 months after combination chemotherapy of MTX, 5-FU and low-dose CDDP (MFP) for type 4 gastric cancer with pleuritis, peritoneal dissemination and Krukenberg tumor].
Norisuke Nakayama, Satoshi Tanabe, Wasaburo Koizumi, Katsuhiko Higuchi, Tohru Sasaki, Kento Nakatani, Takuya Shimoda, Ken Nishimura, Nobuyuki Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Mitomi, Katsunori Saigenji
Dept. of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University School of Medicine.
A 41-year-old woman presented to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of our hospital because of abdominal distension and irregular genital bleeding. Computed tomography and ultrasonography of the abdomen revealed bilateral ovarian tumors, massive ascites, and bilateral pleural effusion. Type IV advanced gastric cancer was diagnosed on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The patient was admitted to our department. She received 3 courses of combination chemotherapy with methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, and low-dose cisplatin. Pleural effusion and ascites disappeared. Surgery (total gastrectomy, resection of the tail of the pancreas, lymph-node dissection, total hysterectomy, and adnexectomy) was performed, and the patient was discharged. Chemotherapy was repeated after surgery. Lymph-node metastasis recurred 1 year 8 months after the start of chemotherapy. Treatment was switched to irinotecan plus cisplatin, and the lymph nodes shrank. After 9 months, 3 courses of TS-1 were administered. Two years 10 months after starting chemotherapy, abdominal and low back pain developed. Bone scintigraphy revealed bone metastasis. Lymph node swelling was present. The patient responded to radiotherapy with chemotherapy (cisplatin plus 5-fluorouracil). Subsequently, abdominal computed tomography showed lymph-node swelling, multiple metastases to the liver, ascites, and a right pleural effusion. She was readmitted to the hospital and received intraperitoneal chemotherapy with cisplatin. Her condition deteriorated, and she died. The patient survived for about 3 years 4 months after the start of treatment. Chemotherapy with methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, and low-dose cisplatin may thus be an effective therapeutic option in patients who have advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination.
Ginekol Pol. 2006 Mar ;77 (3):203-8 16871838
Klinika Ginekologii Akademii Medycznej w Gdańsku.
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze clinical data such as diagnosis, surgical treatment and follow-up of patients with Krukenberg tumor (KT). We also reviewed literature of the subject. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzes medical data of 34 patients who were operated in Gynecology Clinic of Medical University of Gdansk in years 1999-2003. The definition of KT was that of Krukenberg's. RESULTS The mean age of patients was 52, 23 of them were postmenopausal. Fourteen patients were diagnosed with malignant disease before surgery for ovarian tumor--11 were treated for breast cancer, 2 underwent resection of the stomach and one had rectosigmoidectomy. Before surgery a diagnosis for ovarian tumor such as ultrasonography, computer tomography and Ca125 were performed--in most cases sonography findings revealed mixed cystic and solid tumor of 320 cm in diameter; in 70% cases serum Ca125 was elevated with the highest result of 772 IU/ml. From among 20 patients who were suspected for primary ovarian cancer with no other malignant disease before surgery 9 had stomach cancer, 6 colon cancer, in 2 cases ovarian tumor was a metastasis from breast and in 1 from gall bladder; in 2 patients primary tumor was not found. The surgery performed in patients with KT was that of done for primary ovarian cancer. In 5 cased partial resection of colon was necessary. Surgical findings revealed ovarian tumor of 3-10 cm in diameter, solid and bilateral in most cases. The mean survival in our group was 4,7 months. The mean time between diagnosis of malignant disease and metastases to the ovary was 18 months. The best overall prognosis was for patients with breast cancer and the worst for cases with stomach cancer. CONCLUSIONS There is a poor prognosis for patients with Krukenberg tumor. The diagnosis is late, in most cases during surgery for ovarian tumor. The most often site of primary malignancy was breast and stomach.
Ginekol Pol. 2006 Jan ;77 (1):58-62 16736962
[Krukenberg tumor - common problem of gynecologists, surgeons oncologists and pathologists. Report of three cases and review of the literature].
Leszek Gottwald, Jarosław Jakubik, Ewa Góral, Jerzy Korczyński, Radzisław Kordek, Andrzej Bienkiewicz
Klinika Ginekologii Onkologicznej Katedry Onkologii, U.M. w lodzi.
Ovarian cancer constitutes one of the most frequent malignant tumours in the female population not only in Poland. The screening of this tumour type is unsolved. The tumours are usually diagnosed in the advanced stage, thus the survival rate are usually poor. Their histopathological appearance has a wide variety, with the occurrence of numerous metastatic forms. Among the metastatic tumours, the primary tumours of the digestive tract occur the most frequently. They are known as the Krukenberg tumours. In these cases the choice of treatment is more difficult and prognosis is also worse in most cases with fatal outcome in one year. Early diagnosis and complete resection is the only possible hope. In this paper authors present three cases of Krukenberg tumour with nonspecific symptoms, difficulties during diagnostics, late beginning of treatment and poor prognosis.
Bilateral Krukenberg ovarian tumours complicated by pregnancy in an Antiguan woman of African ethnicity.
[A case of advanced gastric cancer with lymphangitis carcinomatosa after operation of Krukenberg tumor treated by TS-1 plus CPT-11 as third-line chemotherapy].
Yoshiyuki Yamagishi, Yasutada Akiba, Motoko Izumiya, Hajime Higuchi, Hideko Iizuka, Hiromasa Takaishi, Hiroshi Nagata, Toshifumi Hibi
Dept of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University.
Chemotherapies for recurrent gastric cancer have not yet been established. Here we report a case of type 4 gastric cancer associated with lymphangitis carcinomatosis which became refractory to the previous chemotherapies. The case was a 40-year-old woman. She had been diagnosed with gastric cancer after a Krukenberg tumor operation. Chemotherapies (TS-1 plus CDDP as first-line, and TS-1 plus taxanes as second-line) were performed, and a partial response was achieved. Disease activity has been well controlled until this time. Since recurrence of left pleural effusion and lymphangitis carcinomatosis was recognized, we changed the chemotherapy TS-1 plus CPT-11. Pleural effusion decreased and lymphangitis carcinomatosis improved. The serum CA 19-9 level rose transiently after CPT-11 administration, and tended to fall at the second week of chemotherapy. However, the patient died 2 years 4 months after the onset. TS-1 plus CPT-11 combination chemotherapy would be effective for lymphangitis carcinomatosis and also useful as third-line chemotherapy for recurrent gastric cancer.
Ankara Oncology Hospital, Department of Surgery, Ankara, Turkey. firstname.lastname@example.org
Meigs syndrome is defined as the triad of benign ovarian tumor with ascites and pleural effusion that resolve after resection of the tumor. Pseudomeigs' syndrome is a serious disease characterized by malignant ovarian tumor, but ascites and hydrothorax usually reveal no malignant cells. Here, we report a 47-year-old pre-menapausal female patient with cardia cancer. Nearly 14 months after D3 dissection, she developed Krukenberg tumors on both ovaries causing a Pseudomeigs' syndrome with benign ascites and right hydrothorax, which resolved dramatically after resection of the tumors and rectouterine pouch peritonectomy. She survived nearly 3 years after metastasectomy with a total survival of 46 months. The patient died because of massive liver metastases. The present case suggests that Pseudomeigs' syndrome should be considered in patients with Krukenberg tumors, ascites and hydrothorax and that resection of the tumors may bring long-term palliation.