Department of Medicine, Sarawak General Hospital, and Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Malaysia Sarawak, Malaysia. email@example.com
Djenkol beans or jering (Pithecellobium jeringa) is a traditional delicacy consumed by the local population in Malaysia. Jering poisoning or djenkolism is characterized by spasmodic pain, urinary obstruction and acute renal failure. The underlying pathology is an obstructive nephropathy, which is usually responsive to aggressive hydration and diuretic therapy. We present a case of djenkolism following ingestion of jering. The patient required urgent bilateral ureteric stenting following the failure of conservative therapy. Healthcare providers need to recognize djenkolism as a cause of acute renal failure and the public educated on this potential health hazard.
Division of Nephrology and Immunology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.
The use of traditional medicine is common worldwide, with rates of use of over 80% in some populations. Considering the large number of people using traditional remedies throughout the world, it does seem that most do so without major adverse effects. Nevertheless, many folk medicines can cause kidney injury. Drug-induced nephrotoxicity reportedly contributes to up to 26% of cases of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI) and 18% of cases of community-acquired AKI globally, and folk remedies account for up to 35% of cases of AKI in the developing world. The kidney is highly susceptible to toxic insults because its intrinsic functions expose it to exceptionally high concentrations of any particular toxic substance. Clinical syndromes of nephrotoxicity can be defined according to the predominant regions of the kidney affected by the toxin, and reversibility of the injury is likely related to the severity and nature of the injury and also to the duration of toxin exposure. In countries with well-developed health-care systems, a large proportion of patients with nephrotoxicity will recover at least some renal function with adequate supportive care and dialysis. Health-care practitioners in all countries should be aware of the high prevalence of the use of alternative therapies and should be proactive in obtaining this information from patients. In poorer countries, where large proportions of the population rely on traditional medicine, attempts should be made to integrate traditional healers into the health-care system.
Other papers by authors:
Nephrology Unit, Hospital Umum Sarawak. firstname.lastname@example.org
INTRODUCTION End stage renal disease (ESRD) patients have a much higher rate of cardiac disease and cardiac mortality as compared with the general population. Revascularisation such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may also carry a higher rate of complications and morbidity. We compared our ESRD patients who underwent CABG with the general population and ESRD population. METHODS This is an observational study of ESRD patients who underwent CABG in our centre from 2003-2009 with case-control matching comparison with non-ESRD patients for ICU and hospital stay; and ESRD patients without CABG for survival. Patients with concomitant valvular operation were excluded. The primary outcomes were peri-operative complications and survival. RESULTS Eleven patients with mean age of 57.5 +/- 8.5 were included. All except 1 were diabetics. One patient had excessive haemorrhage requiring immediate re-thoracotomy, and this was complicated with thrombosed AVF. Four patients experienced intradialytic hypotension postoperatively but all resolved within 1 week. Both ESRD and non-ESRD patients had equal number of ICU stay (3.1 versus 3.2 days, p = 0.906) and hospital stay (7.6 versus 6.9 days, p = 0.538). With average of 3.3 years follow-up (range from 1 to 7 years), 4 deaths were observed but only one from cardiac cause. Both ESRD cohorts with or without CABG have compatible left ventricular mass: 295 +/- 86 vs 343 +/- 113 g (p=0.226) and left ventricular mass: 174 +/- 54 vs. 206 +/- 63 g/m2 (p = 0.157). The outcome of CABG ESRD patients was comparable to matched ESRD patients without CABG with 90.9 % versus 91.9% 1 year survival, 95.5% versus 77.7% 2 year survival, 71.4% versus 70.3% 3 year and 40.0% versus 40.3% at 5 year survival (p = 0.627, 0.386, 0.659 and 0.683 respectively). CONCLUSION CABG in ESRD patients carries an acceptable perioperative complication rate. They have acceptable ICU and hospitalization duration in comparison to non-ESRD patients. Their long term survival was at least as good as matched ESRD patients without CABG.
Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia.
Latest similar papers:
Clin Nephrol. 2012 Oct ;78 (4):312-5 22981032
Internal Medicine Residency Program, Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, and Department of Nephrology, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA, USA.
A 59-year-old woman was admitted to the internal medicine service after presenting to the emergency department with complaints of abdominal pain and hematuria. Upon further evaluation, the patient was found to be significantly coagulopathic secondary to the intentional ingestion of brodifacoum, the active ingredient in D-Con rat poison, in an attempt to commit suicide. The patient was treated and discharged only to return several days later with new pain and the inability to urinate. She was found to be in acute renal failure and renal ultrasonography revealed bilateral ureteral and renal pelvis thrombus leading to acute obstructive nephropathy. She was taken emergently to the operating room for placement of bilateral ureteral stents which resulted in decompression of her collecting system and resolution of her renal failure.
Kidney Int. 2012 Aug ;82 (4):377-9 22846812
Department of Pathology, QEII Health Science Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Obstructive nephropathy is a major cause of acute renal failure and end-stage renal disease. We discuss the new findings of Girshovich et al., who show that transformation of intrarenal urothelium into a bladder-like urothelium depends on the activation of the FGF7-FGFR2 signaling pathway following acute ureteral obstruction. A possible link between hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and the FGF-FGFR signaling pathway is suggested.
J Med Case Rep. 2012 ;6 (1):18 22251748
Severe lactic acidosis and acute renal failure following ingestion of metformin and kerosene oil: a case report.
University Medical Unit, National Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka. email@example.com.
UNLABELLED ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION Kerosene is a freely accessible hydrocarbon used in Sri Lankan (and other Asian) households for cooking and for lighting lamps. Kerosene poisoning is rarely reported among adults and its toxicological effects are not well known. Metformin is a commonly used oral hypoglycemic drug and its overdose leads primarily to lactic acidosis. Combined poisoning of metformin and kerosene and their interactions have not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION An 18-year-old, previously healthy, unmarried Sinhalese woman was referred following ingestion of 17.5 g of metformin and approximately 200 mL of kerosene oil in a suicide attempt. She had vomiting, burning epigastric pain, and a hypoglycemic seizure (capillary blood glucose of 42 mg/dL). Subsequently, she developed severe lactic acidosis followed by acute renal insufficiency, was treated with sodium bicarbonate, and underwent intermittent hemodialysis with bicarbonate. She recovered completely. CONCLUSIONS This report proposes possible interactions that occur between metformin and kerosene that augment toxicity when the two are ingested together. It also stresses the importance of early treatment with intermittent hemodialysis in severe lactic acidosis with maintenance of blood glucose.
Down Town Hospitals, Guwahati, Assam.
A case of acute renal failure developing after consumption of fish gall bladder as a food item is reported. The patient recovered fully with conservative treatment and dialysis. The risk of acute kidney injury following ingestion of fish gall bladder, apparently for medical reasons is highlighted.
[Long-term outcome of 52 patients with chronic periaortitis treated with steroids, immunosuppressive therapy and(or) tamoxifen.].
Li Su, Ru-Feng Ren, Hua-Dan Xue, Xiang-Hua Guo, Sheng Feng, Li-Juan Gou, Shi Rong, Xin-Ping Tian, Yan Zhao
Department of Rheumatology Immunology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100032, China. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
OBJECTIVE The study aims to assess the therapeutic benefit of medicine treatment in chronic periaortitis. METHOD A retrospective study of 52 patients with chronic periaortitis treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Summarize clinical features, level of acute-phase reactants, extent of ureteral obstruction, level of renal function, size of mass with repeated follow-up CT scanning during the period of therapy. RESULTS The most prominent symtom was back or abdominal pain. 76.92% had ureteral obstruction, with 26.92% had a progressive renal failure. After a period of treatment, 95.35% were significant to complete resolution of symptoms. There was also a remarkable decrease in ESR and C-reactive protein a median treatment of 4 weeks. Creatinine decreased significantly (P = 0.002) in patients with progressive renal failure. 66.67% was successfully removed the ureteric stents. CT scanning showed 75% mass regression after a median of 6 months. CONCLUSIONS The clinical manifestations of chronic periaortitis is nonspecific, which often leads to a delayed diagnosis and the late complications. Chronic periaortitis is very effectively treated by a combination of steroids and immunosuppressive therapy and(or) tamoxifen, with excellent long-term outcome and relatively fewer disease relapse.
C Froilán Torres, P Castro Carbajo, R Pajares Villarroya, R Plaza Santos, S Gómez Senent, M D Martín Arranz, L Adán Merino, E Martín Arranz, N Manceñido Marcos, R Peces, D Benito López
Acute tumour lysis syndrome (TLS) is a catastrophic complication of the treatment of certain neoplastic disorders. It most commonly occurs in association with hematologic malignancies and appears a few hours to a few days after initiation of specific chemotherapy, as the result from the release of intracellular components into the bloodstream due to abrupt malignant cell death. Acute spontaneous TLS is rare, and it has been described in leukemia and lymphoma and in some patients with solid tumors prior to institution of therapy. The syndrome is characterized by hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hyperkalemia, and acute oliguric or anuric renal failure due to uric acid precipitation within the tubules (acute uric acid nephropathy) and to calcium phosphate deposition in the renal parenchyma and vessels.We report a case of acute spontaneous TLS in a patient with Crohn s disease treated with immunosuppressive drugs, who developed a plasmocytoma, in which serum uric acid concentration attained exceptionally high levels (44 mg/dL). The patient underwent acute oliguric renal failure, which required treatment with hyperhydration, urine alkalinization, urate oxidase and hemodialysis, with a fatal evolution.In conclusion, the present case report has several peculiarities: that of being one of the rare examples of spontaneous TLS, that of showing an exceptionally severe hyperuricemia, probably the highest ever reported in the literature, and that of the possible increased risk of tumours in patients with Crohn s disease taking inmunosuppressives and/or TNF antagonists.
Medizinische Klinik IV, Klinikum Nürnberg. email@example.com
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 29-year-old man was admitted because of recurrent episodes of vomiting. DIAGNOSIS: The admission diagnosis was acute anuric renal failure. Ultrasound was unremarkable and there had been no history of renal disease. The serum creatinine concentration was 5.48 mg/dl. The urinary findings were normal. The final diagnosis was therefore of prerenal failure with dehydration. Cyclical vomiting syndrome was the working diagnosis, having excluded other possible causes. TREATMENT: Normal renal functions were re-established with rehydration treatment. CONCLUSION: Cyclical vomiting syndrome is an illness characterized by recurrent bouts of vomiting, often associated with migraine but of uncertain etiology. Therapeutic options include anti-emetics and anti-migraine medication.
Tuberk Toraks. 2008 ;56 (4):456-61 19123085
Acute anuric renal failure with streptokinase therapy in a patient with acute venous thromboembolic disease and the review of renal side effects of streptokinase.
Department of Chest Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey. firstname.lastname@example.org
The benefits of thrombolytic therapy in acute myocardial infarction are now well established. However many uncertainties, such as adverse effects, are still remain in venous thromboembolic disease. We describe a unique patient who treated with streptokinase for the methylen tetrahydrofolate reductase mutation associated acute deep vein thrombosis and massive pulmonary embolism. After therapy patient developed acute anuric renal failure without an evidence of bleeding or immunologic reaction and we would like to review the renal side effects of streptokinase in patients with venous thromboembolic disease.
Ciprofloxacin-induced acute cholestatic liver injury and associated renal failure. Case report and review.
Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
Ciprofloxacin, a commonly prescribed fluoroquinolone antibiotic, has generally been well-tolerated; however, there are rare reports of associated hepatic failure or renal failure. We describe a case of a 65 year-old man with a history of ischemic cardiomyopathy who was treated with ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily for cellulitis. Six days into his treatment course, he developed acute cholestatic jaundice and acute anuric renal failure. Clinical, laboratory, and pathologic data suggest that the patient had developed reversible, severe ciprofloxacin-induced cholestatic liver injury and acute tubular necrosis requiring hemodialysis. Within two months of stopping the ciprofloxacin, the patient was off dialysis and back to his baseline creatinine in three months. Liver tests normalized by five months. This report illustrates a case of cholestatic liver injury and renal failure involving ciprofloxacin use. We review the literature regarding hepatic and renal injury as it relates to ciprofloxacin. To our knowledge, this represents the first case report of simultaneous acute cholestatic liver injury and renal failure secondary to ciprofloxacin.
Raquel Dourado, Pedro de Araújo Gonçalves, Manuel Almeida, André Weigert, Margarida Bruges, Augusta Gaspar, Acácio Pita Negrão, Domingos Machado, Belarmino Clemente, Rui Teles, Francisco Pereira Machado, Aniceto Silva
Serviço de Cardiologia, Hospital de Santa Cruz, Carnaxide, Portugal. email@example.com
The authors report the case of a 44-year-old man, with a history of hypertension, smoking, peripheral artery disease and chronic renal failure. After renal transplantation, the patient developed persistent high blood pressure, despite optimal medical therapy. When angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy was begun, he developed acute anuric renal failure, which was reversed after interruption of the ACE inhibitor. After the initial clinical evaluation, the patient was referred for renal angiography, which revealed critical stenosis of the proximal left common iliac artery, just above the renal graft artery anastomosis. The patient underwent successful angioplasty and stenting of the lesion, with complete normalization of blood pressure.